Spider veins, like varicose veins, stem from the same underlying cause known as “chronic venous insufficiency” or “venous reflux”. This usually signifies a deeper problem than what we’d like to imagine. Therefore, it is best talk to a medical expert in order to know more about the condition.
Veins in the human body have one purpose – to transport blood back to the heart, where it is re-infused with oxygen and re-circulated back into the body.
However, due to the presence of outside factors like gravity, our veins have to put in a considerable amount of effort to keep pumping blood. There are actual valves that aid the process, determining how much blood needs to travel at a given point in time.
But, the valves can become weak over time, due to factors such as the aging process, genetics, pregnancy, and spending an excessive amount of time sitting or standing. When this happens, the valves fail to regulate the blood flow and the excess blood flows back, creating pools within the veins.
This pooling of blood eventually manifests itself in the form of spider veins. This is also why the underlying cause is called “chronic venous insufficiency”.
Spider veins can be identified by their appearance. They are either red, purple, or blue in color. Other than that, they also tend to twist and turn under the skin.
Doctors who specialize in veins can diagnose the condition and prescribe special injections that can cure the problem.
Causes of Venous Insufficiency
We know why spider veins are formed and the range of factors that influence the formation. However, we still do not understand how exactly spider veins are caused. As stated earlier, some of the most common factors are heredity, aging, trauma, hormonal fluctuations, sun damage, and pregnancy etc.
Women have a higher risk of developing spider veins than men. Around 40% of women will likely experience spider veins in some form or another. In fact, the chances increase significantly as one gets older. By the age of 80, a high percentage of women develop vein-related conditions. This often includes spider veins.
Treating Spider Veins
There are a range of treatments to help deal with spider veins. One of the most basic is the use of support stockings. These stockings help hold the veins in place by creating pressure, which prevents the blood from slipping back. They are sold at most pharmaceutical stores and are quite affordable.
For more severe cases, we have surgical procedures such as sclerotherapy, where the affected vein is injected with a solution that will eliminate the veins.
Another option is endovenous laser treatment, where a tiny laser fiber is inserted into the affected vein and pulses of laser light are delivered inside. This causes the vein to collapse, thereby, solving the problem.
There is also radiofrequency occlusion, where radiofrequency energy is delivered to the vein wall. The heat causes the vein wall to seal up and collapse.
To know more about spider veins and how to treat the condition, talk to a vein expert.
Contact Our Office
With the help of a vein expert like Dr. Raffi Dishakjian, any issues you have with spider veins and other related conditions can be solved with well executed and safe treatments. If you’re interested in learning more, contact our vein treatment center in Los Angeles today.